by Stanley Azuakola
The National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) has released its latest report of the Internally Generated Revenue of some selected states in the federation for the year 2013.
Here are 7 takeaways from the report.
1. Why only 14 states?
The NBS explained that the data it has are for only selected states which have reported their figures. It says it will update the data as more states report their figures. Only 14 states have reported so far. Considering that this is for the year 2013, and we are now in September of 2014, it raises questions on why more than half of Nigeria’s 36 states have still not reported. We have been unable to get a response from the NBS on who is to blame for this, butt it simply does not make sense.
2. One more thing before we get into the figures
Still on the fact that several of these states have not reported, we need to call out two states in particular -Bauchi (run by a former bank director, Isa Yuguda) and Sokoto (Aliyu Wamakko). These two states have not reported their IGR figures since 2011. The last time they reported was in 2010, when that of Bauchi was put at N3.403billion and that of Sokoto was N3.888billion.
We also do not have 2012 figures for states like Bayelsa, Ebonyi, Jigawa and Kano.
3. And the 14 states which have reported so far are…
The 14 states which have reported for 2013 are Akwa Ibom (N15.399billion), Anambra (N8.732billion), Bayelsa (N10.501billion), Edo (N18.899billion), Enugu (N20.204billion), Katsina (N6.853billion), Kogi (N5.020billion), Kwara (N13.838billion) and Lagos (N384.259billion).
Others are Niger (N4.116billion), Plateau (N8.487billion), Rivers (N87.914billion), Taraba (N3.334billion) and Zamfara (N3.039billion) states.
4. Lagos is KING
Lagos, as expected, generated the highest IGR in 2013, bringing in N384.259billion. Such is the gap between Lagos and other states in the federation, that its figure is 86.22% higher than that of the other 13 states put together (N206.344billion).
In light of the recent controversy over the high Lagos state debt, which is also far higher than that of the other states, the argument can be made that Lagos state is in a better stead to pay up its debts due to its high IGR numbers. Also supporters of the Lagos government’s fiscal strategy might argue that to sustain its pride of place in the nation, borrowing becomes important so as to fund infrastructure and ensure that the environment remains conducive for businesses, which will in turn improve the IGR of the state. It seems like a chain reaction where one part feeds into the other and vice versa.
5. The matter of Kano
One has to mention Kano for several reasons. Officially, Kano has the highest population in Nigeria. Of course, many, including several international organisations, doubt that population figure from Nigeria’s 2006 census. However, it appears that Kano is not really pulling its weight. All that talk that if there was no oil, Kano will be one of he few states that can stand is nonsense. Without revenue from the federation account, Kano will not stand for more than a month.
The last time Kano had an official IGR figure in 2011, it was a paltry N7.339billion, which amounts to just about N781 per head, considering Kano’s official population figure of 9,401,288. That year Lagos had an IGR of N202.761billion, which amounts to N22,248 per head, using Lagos census figure of 9,113,605.
Even though Kano has no official figure this year, its governor Rabiu Kwankwaso said in an interview that it was now generating an average of N2billion monthly. If we take his figures seriously, it will amount to N24billion IGR in 2013, which will come down to N2553 per head, an improvement that still falls far short of the 2013 Lagos figure of N384.259billion (N42,163 per head). Kano simply has to do better.
6. Zamfara at the bottom
In terms of absolute values as well as IGR per head, Zamfara state is at the bottom of the pyramid. Its IGR for 2013 was just N3.o39billion. For its population of 3,278,873 people, its IGR per head comes down to a meagre N927 naira.
As stated earlier, most states have not reported yet. If projections from past years are used, it is expected that Yobe state will perform more poorly than Zamfara. Yobe’s IGR has consistently declined in the last few years, from N5.961billion in 2010 to N2.386billion in 2011 and N1.785 billion in 2012. With the Boko Haram insurgency ravaging the state, it is not expected to do much better than it’s 2012 result.
7. The full list again
Below is the list of the 14 states which have reported so far, arranged in order of IGR size per head, from highest to lowest, using their official 2006 census results. As can be noticed, only Lagos and Rivers had IGR per head over N10,000. Delta state has not reported for 2013, but considering that in 2012, the last time it reported, it’s IGR per head was N11,080, it is also expected to get past the N10,000 mark for 2013.
Lagos (N42,163 per head), Rivers (N16,911), Enugu (N6,183), Bayelsa (N6,161), Kwara (N5,850), Edo (N5,845), Akwa Ibom (3,946), Plateau (N2,647), Anambra (N2,090), Kogi (N1,515), Taraba (N1,457), Katsina (N1181 per head), Niger (N1041 per head), and Zamfara ((N927).
Follow this writer on Twitter: @stanleyazuakola