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“Igbo marginalisation”: What Emir Sanusi said about the Igbos in 1999


“Igbo marginalisation”: What Emir Sanusi said about the Igbos in 1999

These days Emir Sanusi Lamido is preoccupied with being the revered Emir of the ancient city of Kano. Before then he was in the wilderness paying the price for making weighty allegations against officials in the previous administration, and before then was governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) noted for reforms that sacked the powerful Managing Directors of some of the biggest banks in the country, and before then he was the Managing Director of the First Bank of Nigeria (FBN).

But today, we are going even way back to 1999, before Sanusi’s FBN days, when he was an Assistant General Manager, Credit Risk Management and Control Division in the United Bank for Africa (UBA).

In September 1999, Sanusi delivered a speech titled “Issues in Restructuring Corporate Nigeria” at the national conference on the 1999 constitution  jointly organised by the Network for Justice and the Vision Trust Foundation, in Kaduna. This was barely four months after the return to civilian rule and the Olusegun Obasanjo presidency. The entire speech is worth a read.

Below is a short excerpt in which Sanusi highlights “Igbo marginalisation and the responsible limits of retribution” as one of the four issues that will be central to the success or failure of the Nigerian federal structure. It is particularly important in the light of recent agitations from the South East.


By Sanusi Lamido Sanusi

The Igbo people of Nigeria have made a mark in the history of this nation. They led the first successful military coup which eliminated the Military and Political leaders of other regions while letting off Igbo leaders. Nwafor Orizu, then Senate President, in consultation with President Azikiwe, subverted the constitution and handed over power to Aguiyi-Ironsi.  Subsequent developments, including attempts at humiliating other peoples, led to the counter-coup and later the civil war. The Igbos themselves must acknowledge that they have a large part of the blame for shattering the unity of this country.

Having said that, this nation must realise that Igbos have more than paid for their foolishness. They have been defeated in war, rendered paupers by monetary policy fiat, their properties declared abandoned and confiscated, kept out of strategic public sector appointments and deprived of public services. The rest of the country forced them to remain in Nigeria and has continued to deny them equity.

The Northern Bourgeoisie and the Yoruba Bourgeoisie have conspired to keep the Igbo out of the scheme of things. In the recent transition when the Igbo solidly supported the PDP in the hope of an Ekwueme presidency, the North and South-West treated this as a Biafra agenda. Every rule set for the primaries, every gentleman’s agreement was set aside to ensure that Obasanjo, not Ekwueme emerged as the candidate. Things went as far as getting the Federal Government to hurriedly gazette a pardon. Now, with this government, the marginalistion of the Igbo is more complete than ever before. The Igbos have taken all these quietly because, they reason, they brought it upon themselves. But the nation is sitting on a time-bomb.

After the First World War, the victors treated Germany with the same contempt Nigeria is treating Igbos. Two decades later, there was a Second World War, far costlier than the first. Germany was again defeated, but this time, they won a more honourable peace. Our present political leaders have no sense of History. There is a new Igbo man, who was not born in 1966 and neither knows nor cares about Nzeogwu and Ojukwu. There are Igbo men on the street who were never Biafrans. They were born Nigerians, are Nigerians, but suffer because of actions of earlier generations. They will soon decide that it is better to fight their own war, and may be find an honourable peace, than to remain in this contemptible state in perpetuity.

The Northern Bourgeoisie and the Yoruba Bourgeoisie have exacted their pound of flesh from the Igbos. For one Sardauna, one Tafawa Balewa, one Akintola and one Okotie-Eboh, hundreds of thousands have died and suffered.

If this issue is not addressed immediately, no conference will solve Nigeria’s problems.

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